Dreams, Imagination & the Development of the Symbolic Capacity

Joy Schaverien, Helen Odell-Miller, Jenny Duckham

Download the reading list here

The background reading for the first three seminars in this series will be The Dying Patient in Psychotherapy. If you have time to read it before the seminars that would be great but otherwise we will approach aspects of it as we go along.

Week 1

4.00 – 6.00. The Interpretation of Dreams – Freud and Jung

The focus of this week is the differences in approach of Freud and Jung towards dreams and between free association and active imagination

Schaverien, J (2002) ‘Dreams’ pp 41-50 in The Dying Patient in Psychotherapy Basingstoke Palgrave (ISBN 9780333763424)

Freud, S  ([1900] 1953) vol.4 Chapter 11 ‘The Method of Interpreting Dreams’ Standard Edition dpp.96-121 in The Interpretation of Dreams. London: Hogarth Press & Institute of Psycho-Analysis (ISBN 07012 00677) Available on Pepweb

Jung, C. G. (1963) ‘Confrontation with the Unconscious’ pp 194-225 in Memories Dreams and Reflections Fontana Press (ISBN 9780006540274)

6.30 – 8.00 – The Role of Dreams in Clinical Work – Thinking visually

Week 2

4.00 – 6.00 The role of Dreams as Unconscious Communication: Jungian Approaches

Schaverien, J (2002) ‘Dreams and the Erotic Transference’ pp60-70 in The Dying Patient in Psychotherapy. London Palgrave Macmillan (ISBN: 9780333763424)

Jung, CG (1960) ‘The Transcendent Function’. In The structure and Dynamic of the Psyche CW 8, (paras 133-193) pp.67-93 London Routeledge and Keagan Paul (1966)

6.30 – 8.00  The role of Dreams in Clinical work – Practical focus on clinical material

Week 3

4.00 – 6.00 Interpreting Dreams – Dreams and Transference

Schaverien J (2002) ‘Sexual Attraction and Erotic violence: Men who leave too soon revisited’ pp.80-92. In The Dying Patient in Psychotherapy London: Palgrave Macmillan* (ISBN: 9780333763421)

Optional: Schaverien, J. (2002) ‘Talking about love sex and death’. In The Dying Patient in Psychotherapy pp108-122 Palgrave Macmillan

6.30 – 8.00 Interpreting Dreams in the Consulting Room.

Week 4

4.00 – 6.00 Analytical Art Psychotherapy

This week we will consider the role of pictures presented in analysis.

Background reading: Schaverien, J (1992) The Revealing Image: Analytical Art Psychotherapy in Theory and Practice London & Philadelphia Jessica Kingsley Publishers

Schaverien, J (1999)  ‘Art within Analysis: Scapegoat Transference and Transformation’ in Journal of Analytical Psychology Vol. 44, No 4, pp.479 – 510 Available on Pepweb

Schaverien, J (1992) ‘The Life ‘in’ the Picture: The Embodied Image’ In The Revealing Image

Background: Edinger, E (1989) The Living Psyche: A Jungian Analysis in Pictures Psychotherapy Chiron

6.30 – 8.00 Further discussion or possible image making

Week 5

4.00 – 6.00 Active Imagination and Amplification

Background: Chodorow, J. (1997) – Jung on Active Imagination London & New York: Routledge (ISBN: 0691015767)

Davidson, D (1966) ‘Transference as Active Imagination’ in Journal of Analytical Psychology Vol.11, No 2, pp135Available on Pepweb

Chodorow, J (1997) Introduction pp1-20. In Jung on Active Imagination London & New York Routledge Princeton: Princeton University Press  (ISBN 0691015767)

Schaverien, J. (2007)  ‘Countertransference as Active Imagination: Imaginative Experiences of the Analyst’ in Journal of Analytical Psychology, Vol., 52. Pp. 413-431 – Available on Pepweb

Schaverien, J (2005) ‘Art, Dreams and Active Imagination: a Post-Jungian approach to transference and the Image in Journal of Analytical Psychology,  Vol 50, Pp. 127-153 – (ISSN:  0021-8774) Available on PepWeb

6.30 – 8.00  – Active Imagination (DVD –  Murray Stein)

Week 6

4.00 – 6.00 Imagination and The Capacity to Symbolise

Schaverien, J. (1995) The Pictures. In Desire and the Female therapist pp 63-114. London & New York: Routledge (ISBN:  0415087007)

Note: Only part of this reading has been uploaded here to comply with copyright regulations. For the rest, please refer to the box in the library or the book on the reference shelf.

Optional: Schaverein, J. (1995) ‘The transactional object: Art Psychotherapy in the treatment of Anorexia’ In Desire and the female therapist pp. 131-138. London & New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul  (ISBN:  0415087007)

Background: Schaverien, J (2005) Desire and the Female Therapist: Engendered Gazes in Psychotherapy and Art Therapy London & New York: Routledge (ISBN 0415087007)

Background: Jung, CG. (1956) ‘Symbols of Transformation’ CW 5. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul  (No ISBN)

6.30 – 8.00 Visual case study the pictures from the chapter above

Week 7

4.00 – 6.00 Psychosis and Patients who are unable to Symbolise

Plaut, A (1966) ‘Reflections on not being able to Imagine’ in Journal of Analytical Psychology, Vol 11 pp113-133 Available on Pepweb Also in (1973) Analytical Psychology a Modern Science editor M Fordham London Heinemann

Killick, K & Schaverien, J. (1997)  ‘Transference and Transactional Objects in the Treatment of psychosis’ In Art Psychotherapy and Psychosis pp 13-37  (eds.) Art Psychotherapy and Psychosis London & New York: Routledge (ISBN 0415138418)

6.30 – 8.00 Discussion topic to be agreed with the group.

Week 8 – Being led by Helen Odell-Miller

Essential Pool, J. and Odell-Miller, H. (2011) ‘Aggression in music therapy and its role in creativity with reference to personality disorder’ In Arts and Psychotherapy 38 pp.169-177

Core Odell-Miller, H. (2014) The development of clinical music therapy in adult mental health practice: music, health and therapy p.264-280 in Medicine, health and the arts: approaches to the medical humanities Bates V., Bleakley A., Goodman S. eds London: Routledge. (ISBN: 9781138960183)

Davies, A. & Richards, E. (2010). Making links between group analysis and group music therapy. Group: the Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 34(1), 21-26

Core (2001) Odell-Miller, H. (2001) ‘The relationship between music therapy and psychoanalysis’ In Where analysis meets the arts .pp. 127-152 eds. Searle Y. and  Streng I. Karnac (ISBN: 1855751844)

Week 9-10 – being led by Jenny Duckham

To begin I want to recommend that each student reaches for the best possible version they can find of their own most favourite fairy tale (or myth) and then if possible read anything they can find to hand referring to that story e.g. in Bruno Bettleheim’s book on ‘The Uses of Enchantment’ (see below) or in the books written about fairy tales by Marie Louise Von Franz (see below) which might be already on their shelves or indeed references to fairy tales in the newspapers or novels (e.g. Harry Potter or Lord of the Rings. Tolkien) or elsewhere.

Core Reading

McCurdy, Jole Cappiello (1991) The Structural and Archetypal Analysis of Fairy Tales pp 1-15. In Psyche’s Stories. Modern Jungian Interpretations of Fairy Tales. Vol.1.edited by Murray Stein and Lionel Corbett. Wilmette, Illinois: Chiron Publications (ISBN: 97809330292)

VonFranz, Marie Louise (1970) Theories of Fairy Tales pps1-15. In Interpretation of Fairy Tales. Spring Publications, Inc. (ISBN: 0882141015)

West, Jacqueline W. (1995) “Cinderella” Emergence from Ashes: A Borderline Process pp 89-113. In Psyche’s Stories. Modern Jungian Interpretations of Fairy Tales. Vol. 3. Edited by M.Stein and L. Corbett. Wilmette, Illinois: Chiron Publications (ISBN: 9780933029903)

Bettelheim, Bruno (1976) Cinderella.  In The Uses of Enchantment pp 236-277. The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales. Thames and Hudson. London. (ISBN 0691017727)

Note: Due to the large size of the file, it has been scanned in 2 parts below.

Part I

Part II

Ulanov, Ann and Barry (2012)  Treatment 4th edition. pp 74-89.  In Cinderella and Her Sisters; The Envied and the Envying. Daimon (ISBN 3856305637)

Kalshed, Donald (1996) Psyche and her Daimon Lover Pp 166-183. In The Inner World of Trauma. Archetypal Defenses of the Personal Spirit. London and New York : Routledge. (ISBN 9780415123297)

Hubback, Judith (1990) Tearing to Pieces: Pentheus, the Bacchae and Analytical Psychology. In Journal of Analytical Psychology, 35, 3-18 Available on Pepweb

Background reading

Bettelheim, Bruno (1976) The Uses of Enchantment. The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales. Thames and Hudson. London. (ISBN 140551352)

Campbell, Joseph (1961) The Impact of Science on Myth pp 3-21 in Myths to Live By (1972). Condor Books

Grimm, the Brothers (1987) The Complete Fairy Tales of the Brothers Grimm. New York; Bantam or other versions. (ISBN 9781503275836)

Kalshed, Donald (1996) Rapunzel and the Self-Care System pp 148-165 in The Inner World of Trauma. Archetypal Defenses of the Personal Spirit. London and New York. Routledge. (ISBN 9780415123297)

Neumann, Eric (1956) Amor and Psyche: The Psychic Development of the Feminine. A commentary on the tale by Apuleius. Princetown University Press. Bollingen Foundation Inc. (ISBN: 0691017727)

Ulanov, Ann and Barry (2012) Cinderella and her Sisters. The Envied and the Envying. Daimon. (ISBN 3856305637)