Articles on Jungian Psychology

This page provides key articles on Jungian psychology.

Jung’s ideas grew out of his early work with Freud but developed in distinct ways.  On this page are a collection of articles discussing some of these distinct ideas written by members of the SAP.


Carl Gustav Jung

Carl Gustav Jung was one of the pioneering figures of the 20th Century. He was a radical and inspirational psychologist and thinker who developed a characteristic and unique way of understanding the human psyche and its functioning…

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Overview of Analytical Psychology

Analytical Psychology is the term that Jung gave to his particular form of psychotherapy. Jung’s views evolved over many years so it is difficult to give a succinct summary of them… 

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Complexes and Archetypes by Marcus West

The term ‘complex’ was one of Jung’s earliest contributions to depth psychology. The concept has not only proved useful in psychology, and played a role in bringing Jung and Freud together for a time, but has passed into everyday language…

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Counselling, Therapy, Analysis – Terminology

An article about the differences between a counselling, therapy and analysis. It maybe useful in deciding what kind of a therapy choose for oneself.

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Jung and Dreams by Marcus West

Jung saw the mind/body/feelings (or what he called ‘the psyche’) as all working together. Even negative symptoms could be potentially helpful in drawing attention to an imbalance; for example, depression could result from an individual suppressing particular feelings or not following a path that is natural and true to their particular personality…

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Jung and the Labyrinth of Addiction by Mary Addenbrooke

Jung wrote little about addiction.  He claimed that he was afraid of being misunderstood by the scientific community of his day. However, he had a profound influence on the founding and philosophy of Alcoholics Anonymous…

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Jung’s Model of the Psyche by Ann Hopwood

Jung wrote ‘By psyche I understand the totality of all psychic processes, conscious as well as unconscious’, (CW6 para 797) so we use the term ‘psyche’ rather than ‘mind’, since mind is used in common parlance to refer to the aspects of mental functioning which are conscious. Jung maintained that the psyche is a self-regulating system (like the body)…

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Individuation by Martin Schmidt

Jung’s thinking about the Self and its dynamic of individuation separates Jungian analytical psychology from other psychoanalytical schools. He uses the concept of the Self to describe his understanding of who we are and the concept of individuation to describe the process by which we can fulfil our potential to become all that we can be…

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Michael Fordham

Michael Fordham, was the last of the founders of a movement in analysis, and like the other founders, – for instance Melanie Klein, Donald Winnicott, or Wilfred Bion – he tapped into something essential in analysis…

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Post-Jungian Developmental Theory: Michael Fordham’s Model of Development by Elizabeth Urban

Michael Fordham’s life (1905-1995) covered most of the twentieth century and, correspondingly, the first century of psychoanalysis. He was born the same year Freud first published his Three Essays in Sexuality, and while Jung was involved in the experiments that led to his discovery of complexes…

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Our Spiritual Needs by Margaret Clark

Over the door at his house in Zurich, Jung had inscribed: ‘Whether summoned or not, God will be present’ (‘Vocatus atque non vocatus, Deus aderit’ ). This sums up Jung’s attitude to religion and spirituality, in his life and in his work. They are an ever present and hugely powerful, even if unacknowledged, factor…

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The Shadow by Christopher Perry

In Jung’s model of the psyche, there are various personified structures that interact with one another in our inner world. Two of these, the persona and the anima/animus, are relational; the persona relates to the external world, and the anima/animus to the internal world. The ego, which is primarily body-based and may be understood as the executive part of the personality, stands alongside the shadow, and these two are to do with our identity…

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